Colposcopy is a procedure for clinical examination of the female genital organs such as the vulva, vagina, and cervix. It is done using a magnifying device with a light source called a colposcope. Colposcopy is performed to examine for any inflammatory changes, injuries, or cancerous growths in the region of the vulva, vagina, and cervix. Colposcopy may be performed when the cervical screening test or pap smear results are abnormal indicating abnormal changes are present in the cervix. Colposcopy is also recommended in women with unexplained pelvic pain, unexplained vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse, and inflamed cervix.