Vertebroplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to treat vertebral compression fractures caused by weakened bones. The spine, also called the back bone, is designed to give us stability, smooth movement, as well as providing a corridor of protection for the delicate spinal cord. It is made up of bony segments called vertebrae and fibrous tissue called intervertebral discs. Vertebral compression fractures, or VCFs, occur when bones in the spine are broken. They can occur from trauma, such as a car accident or fall, but are most commonly the result of osteoporosis which causes weakened bones. VCFs can also occur from other conditions that cause weakened bones, such as certain cancers or long term steroid use.